François Chevalier fellow
Université Paris-Dauphine (PSL)
CUARZO, a Spanish monograph at the crossroads of recent world history of the health risks of crystalline silica
After being a Social Sciences teacher in the in “classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles”, Catherine Cavalin worked as a sociologist at the ministry of Health research and statistics department and at the Samusocial Observatory in Paris (France). Since 2018, she has been a permanent fellow researcher in Sociology at IRISSO (Interdisciplinary Research Institute in the Social Sciences, Paris-Dauphine University, PSL), a laboratory of the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS). She works on the diversity of health statuses and social health inequalities, which includes gender, labour and exposure to toxicants at work, as well as interpersonal violence. Catherine Cavalin’s research systematically encompasses a historical and sociological approach of knowledge. She particularly investigates the categories on which statistics are based, and the nosological categories that frame medical knowledge. Since 2012, she has been working on the borders between occupational and environmental health, and associated public health policies.
In the last twenty years, a silicosis outbreak has been raging across Spain. The international medical and epidemiological literature has been warning against this occupational health disaster. This situation is part of a broader picture: not only a global outbreak of silicosis, the disease known so far as affecting the miners’ lungs, but also a (re)discovery of the health hazards caused by crystalline silica (which is the most ubiquitous earth crust’s component), beyond silicosis alone.
Since 2012, Catherine Cavalin has been studying those hazards. Her research stay in the MIAS will allow her to interview physicians specialising in diseases of interest, physicians in charge of patient care or the public health response to the epidemic, entrepreneurs and workers affected silicosis or autoimmune diseases caused by silica dust. In collaboration with Prof. Alfredo Menéndez-Navarro, she aims to understand what specificities of medical observation and knowledge the Spanish situation may reflect, and to settle long-lasting collaborations with Spanish teams.
- Cavalin C., « Maladies chroniques et environnement », Encyclopédie pour une histoire nouvelle de l'Europe [en ligne], ISSN 2677-6588, 2016, mis en ligne le 02/04/2020.Permalien : https://ehne.fr/node/2849
-Lescoat A., Cavalin C, Ehrlich R., Cazalets C., Ballerie A., Belhomme N., Coiffier G., De Saint-Riquier M., Rosental P-A, Hachulla E., Sobanski V., Jégo P., 2019, « The nosology of systemic sclerosis: how lessons from the past offer new challenges in reframing an idiopathic rheumatological disorder », The Lancet Rheumatology, Vol. 1, December, e257-e264. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2665-9913(19)30038-4 / https://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lanrhe/PIIS2665-9913(19)30038-4.pdf
- Cavalin C., Lescoat A., Ballerie A., Belhomme N., Jégo P., Jouneau S., Lecureur V., Lederlin M., Paris C., Rosental P-A., 2019, « Beyond silicosis, is the world failing on silica hazards? », The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Comment, May 17. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(19)30174-2
- Cavalin C., 2018, « Exposome et sciences sociales : la promesse d’une rencontre ? », in Encyclopédie de l’environnement .Url : https://www.encyclopedie-environnement.org/societe/exposome-sciences-sociales-rencontre/
- Cavalin C., 2015, « From the 1930 International Johannesburg Conference on Silicosis, to “Tables” of Occupational Diseases, France, 2000 Onward: A Comparative Reading », American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 58(S1), November, S59-S66. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22508